A Brief History of Angora Goats in Australia
Angora goats were first imported into
Australia in 1832 and 1833. They came from M Polonceau's stud
in France. By 1832 his herd was in its 16th generation of Cashmere-Angora
breeding. At the same time two pure bred bucks and two pure
bred does were also imported from H RH the Duchess of Berri.
Pure bred Angoras were imported from
Turkey in 1853, 1856, 1863,1865, 1869,1871 and 1873. From
about 1860 there was every possibility that some were upgraded
Angoras originating from the "Turkish native" or Anatolian
Black, a fleece and meat goat, as Turkey had begun an upgrading
program to rapidly increase numbers. By 1870 the original
Angora in Turkey was virtually extinct. There were importations
from South Africa in 1873 and from USA about 1890.
My information for this history comes from a paper
written by J V Evans published in "Refresher Course For Veterinarians,
Proceedings No.73, The JD Stewart Memorial Refresher Course in Goats",
and in a book written by Alma Bode. "Australian Angora Goat
This is the foundation from which
our Australian Angora goat has evolved.
There were a few Angora goat breeders
in Australia before the 1900's, but by 1950 all interest in Angoras
had gone. Mr Barton, who began his Banksia flock in 1904,
was the only breeder to continue. He kept the breed pure to
the original importations,untainted by the blood of feral or dairy
goats. He registered as a stud in 1947 with the Goat Breed
Society of Australia (GBS)
By 1963 fourteen Angora studs
were registered with this Society.
Volumes 5 to 16 of the Goat Breed
Society of Australia records the first 500 goats that were pure
bred. Later volumes include animals that cannot be traced
directly and solely to the Banksia pure bred herd, as with the upsurge
of interest in the Angora goat an upgrading program began in the
1960's using feral and dairy goats.
In 1964-65 The Mohair Producers
and Angora Goat Breeders Association was formed and affiliated with
the Federal Council of the Goat Breeders' Society.
Update April 2000: Unfortunately
the Angora Goat Breeders Inc. now no longer exists. .
Erinrac Enterprises operates a register for pedigreed goats. White Angoras, Coloured Angoras, Cashmere goats, Meat goats and developing types. The registrations are now done on line at http://www.erinrac.com/index.php
They can also be contacted at
Erinrac, Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria 3808, Australia. For
further information their email address is: firstname.lastname@example.org